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DB2开发系列之一——基本语法

最近看了些db2开发方面的资料,现做摘要,以供自己和大家参考:

1、变量声明

DECLARE v_salary DEC(9,2) DEFAULT 0.0;

DECLARE v_status char(3) DEFAULT ‘YES’;

DECLARE v_descrition VARCHAR(80);

DECLARE v1, v2 INT DEFAULT 0;

2、数组数据类型

CREATE TYPE numbers as INTEGER ARRAY[100];

CREATE TYPE names as VARCHAR(30) ARRAY[];

CREATE TYPE MYSCHEMA.totalcomp as DECIMAL(12,2) ARRAY[];

 

CREATE PROCEDURE PROC_VARRAY_test (out mynames names)

BEGIN

DECLARE v_pnumb numbers;

SET v_pnumb = ARRAY[1,2,3,5,7,11];

SET mynames(1) =’MARINA’;

END

3、赋值

1)一般方法

SET var1 = 10; 
SET total = (select sum(c1) from T1);
SET var2 = POSSTR(‘MYTEST’,’TEST’);
SET v_numb(10) = 20; 

SET v_numb = ARRAY[1,2,3,4]; 

2)其他方法

VALUES INTO
SELECT (or FETCH) INTO
 

VALUES 2 INTO v1;
VALUES ‘TEST’ INTO var2;

SELECT SUM(c1) INTO var1 FROM T1;
SELECT POSSTR(‘MYTEST’,’TEST’) INTO v1 FROM SYSIBM.SYSDUMMY1;

4、专用寄存器

1)常用寄存器

CURRENT DATE

CURRENT TIME

CURRENT TIMESTAMP

CURRENT USER

CURRENT PATH

2)示例

CREATE PROCEDURE get_datetime (out cdate date, out ctime time )
P1: BEGIN
 VALUES CURRENT DATE INTO cdate;
 VALUES CURRENT TIME INTO ctime;
END P1

 

SET CURRENT_SCHEMA = MYSCHEMA

5、游标

1)声明

 DECLARE mycur1 CURSOR 
  FOR SELECT e.empno, e.lastname, e.job
      FROM employee e, department d
      WHERE e.workdept = d.deptno
        AND deptname =’PLANNING’;

DECLARE v_dept CHAR(3) DEAFULT ‘ ‘;

DECLARE myres_set CURSOR  
   FOR SELECT empno, lastname, job, salary, comm.
       FROM employee
       WHERE workdept = v_dept;
 

2)游标和结果集

 CREATE PROCEDURE emp_from_dept()
 DYNAMIC RESULT SETS 1
 P1: BEGIN
  DECLARE c_emp_dept CURSOR WITH RETURN
   FOR SELECT empno, lastname, job, salary, comm.
       FROM employee
       WHERE workdept = ‘E21’;

   OPEN c_emp_dept;
  END P1

6、条件语句

1)if语句
IF years_of_serv > 30 THEN

    SET gl_sal_increase = 15000;

ELSEIF years_of_serv > 20 THEN

    SET gl_sal_increase = 12000;

ELSE

    SET gl_sal_increase = 10000;

END IF;

2)CASE语句

CREATE PROCEDURE sal_increase_lim1 (empid CHAR(6))
BEGIN
   DECLARE years_of_serv INT DEFAULT 0;
   DECLARE v_incr_rate DEC(9,2) DEFAULT 0.0;
   
   SELECT YEAR(CURRENT DATE) – YEAR(hiredate)
     INTO years_of_serv
     FROM empl1
     WHERE empno = empid;
     
   CASE  
      WHEN  years_of_serv > 30 THEN 
       SET v_incr_rate = 0.08;
      WHEN  years_of_serv > 20 THEN 
       SET v_incr_rate = 0.07; 
      WHEN  years_of_serv > 10 THEN 
       SET v_incr_rate = 0.05;
      ELSE
       SET v_incr_rate = 0.04;         
    END CASE;  
    
    UPDATE empl1 
        SET salary = salary+salary*v_incr_rate
    WHERE empno = empid;     

END 

3)迭代语句

LOOP 循环 — 简单的循环 
L1: LOOP 
  SQL statements; 
  LEAVE L1; 
END LOOP L1;

WHILE 循环 — 进入前检查条件 
WHILE condition 
DO 
  SQL statements 
END WHILE;

REPEAT 循环 — 退出前检查条件 
REPEAT 
  SQL statements; 
  UNTIL condition 
END REPEAT;

FOR 循环 — 结果集上的隐式循环 
FOR loop_name AS 
  SELECT … FROM 
DO 
  SQL statements; 
END FOR; 

 

CREATE PROCEDURE LEAVE_LOOP (DEPTIN char(3), OUT p_counter INTEGER)
Ll: BEGIN
   DECLARE v_at_end , v_counter INTEGER DEFAULT 0;
   DECLARE v_lastname VARCHAR(15);
   DECLARE v_birthd, v_hired DATE;

   DECLARE c1 CURSOR
     FOR SELECT lastname, hiredate, birthdate FROM employee
         WHERE WORKDEPT = deptin;

   DECLARE CONTINUE HANDLER FOR NOT FOUND SET v_at_end = 1;

   OPEN c1;
   FETCH_LOOP: LOOP
   FETCH c1 INTO v_lastname, v_hired, v_birthd;
     IF v_at_end <> 0 THEN    — loop until last row of the cursor
       LEAVE FETCH_LOOP;
      END IF;
     SET v_counter = v_counter + 1;
     INSERT INTO REPORT_INFO_DEPT 
         values(v_lastname, v_hired, v_birthd);  
   END LOOP FETCH_LOOP;
   SET p_counter = v_counter;
  END Ll

 

CREATE PROCEDURE DEPT_REPT (DEPTIN char(3), OUT p_counter INTEGER)
Pl: BEGIN
   DECLARE v_at_end , v_counter INTEGER DEFAULT 0;
   DECLARE v_lastname VARCHAR(15);
   DECLARE v_birthd, v_hired DATE;

   DECLARE c1 CURSOR
     FOR SELECT lastname, hiredate, birthdate FROM employee
         WHERE WORKDEPT = deptin;

   DECLARE CONTINUE HANDLER FOR NOT FOUND SET v_at_end = 1;

   OPEN c1;
   FETCH c1 INTO v_lastname, v_hired, v_birthd;
   WHILE (v_at_end = 0)
   DO  
     INSERT INTO REPORT_INFO_DEPT
                values(v_lastname, v_hired, v_birthd); 
     SET v_counter = v_counter + 1;      
     FETCH c1 INTO v_lastname, v_hired, v_birthd; 
   END WHILE;
   SET p_counter = v_counter;
  END P1

 

CREATE PROCEDURE DEPT_REPT1 (DEPTIN char(3), OUT p_counter INT)
P1:BEGIN
   DECLARE v_counter INT DEFAULT 0;
   FOR dept_loop AS
      SELECT lastname, hiredate, birthdate FROM employee
         WHERE WORKDEPT = deptin 
   DO   
     INSERT INTO REPORT_INFO_DEPT values
(dept_loop.lastname,dept_loop.hiredate,dept_loop.birthdate); 
     SET v_counter = v_counter + 1;   
   END FOR;
   SET p_counter = v_counter;
  END P1
 7、异常处理机制

1)DECLARE 有名称的条件

DECLARE FOREIGN_KEY_VIOLATION CONDITION FOR SQLSTATE ‘23503’;
DECLARE overflow CONDITION FOR SQLSTATE '22003';

2)DECLARE 条件处理程序

 CREATE PROCEDURE simple_error 
      (IN new_job CHAR(8), IN p_empno CHAR(6), 
       OUT p_state_out CHAR(5),OUT p_code_out INT)
SPECIFIC simple_error1
BEGIN
      DECLARE SQLCODE INT DEFAULT 0;
      DECLARE SQLSTATE CHAR(5) DEFAULT ‘00000’;

      DECLARE EXIT HANDLER FOR SQLEXCEPTION
            SELECT SQLSTATE, SQLCODE 
              INTO p_sqlstate_out, p_sqlcode_out
              FROM SYSIBM.SYSDUMMY1;

      UPDATE EMPLOYEE 
         SET job = new_job 
       WHERE empno = p_empno;
END

CREATE PROCEDURE proc1 (IN num int, IN new_status varchar(10))                    
P1: BEGIN
    DECLARE SQLCODE INTEGER default 0;
    DECLARE SQLSTATE CHAR(5) default ‘ ‘;
    DECLARE v_trunc INTEGER default 0; 
    DECLARE overflow CONDITION FOR SQLSTATE '22001';

    DECLARE CONTINUE HANDLER FOR overflow 
       BEGIN
            INSERT INTO tab1 VALUES (num, substr (new_sataus,1,5));
            SET v_trunc = 2;             
       END;                                                           
   INSERT INTO tab1 VALUES(num, new_status);
   RETURN v_trunc;
 END P1 
 3)强制发出异常 — SIGNAL SQLSTATE

 DECLARE condition overflow for SQLSTATE ‘22001’;

SIGNAL overflow SET MESSAGE_TEXT = ‘Too many characters, truncated’;

 

CREATE PROCEDURE sign_test (IN num int, IN new_status varchar(10))                
P1: BEGIN
  DECLARE SQLCODE INTEGER default 0;
  DECLARE SQLSTATE CHAR(5) default '';
    
  IF length (new_status) > 5 THEN 
     SIGNAL SQLSTATE '72001' SET MESSAGE_TEXT = 'INPUT VALUE TOO LONG';
  END IF;                                                     
  INSERT  INTO  TAB1 VALUES (num, new_status);   
 END P1

来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/8484829/viewspace-2116701/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

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