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RedHat 7 静默安装Oracle11g

安装环境:

主机:浪潮NF5270M4 CPU2; MEM128G

操作系统Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 7.2 (Maipo) 安装介质:

p13390677_112040_LINUX_1of7.zip

数据库基础包

p13390677_112040_LINUX_2of7.zip

数据库基础包

IP分配:

主机名

主机IP

crm_db

192.168.2.36

安装目录:

oracle软件

/home/app/oracle/11.2.0/db_1

修改/etc/hosts 文件:

[root@crm_db home]# vi /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4

::1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

192.168.2.36 crm_db

添加组和用户:

[root@crm_db home]# groupadd -g 1001 oinstall

[root@crm_db home]# groupadd -g 1100 dba

[root@crm_db home]# useradd -m -g oinstall -G dba -u 1200 oracle

[root@crm_db home]# passwd oracle

zh;92YjrC

创建目录:

[root@crm_db home]# mkdir -p /home/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1

[root@crm_db home]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /app

修改系统参数:

[root@crm_db home]#vi /etc/security/limits.conf

#ORACLE SETTING

oracle soft nproc 2047

oracle hard nproc 16384

oracle soft nofile 1024

oracle hard nofile 65536

oracle soft memlock -1

oracle hard memlock -1

[root@crm_db home]# vi /etc/pam.d/login

#%PAM-1.0

auth [user_unknown=ignore success=ok ignore=ignore default=bad] pam_securetty.so

auth include system-auth

account required pam_nologin.so

account include system-auth

password include system-auth

# pam_selinux.so close should be the first session rule

session required pam_selinux.so close

session required pam_loginuid.so

session optional pam_console.so

# pam_selinux.so open should only be followed by sessions to be executed in the user context

session required pam_selinux.so open

session required pam_namespace.so

session optional pam_keyinit.so force revoke

session include system-auth

-session optional pam_ck_connector.so

#ORACLE SETTING

session required pam_limits.so

[root@crm_db home]# vi /usr/lib/sysctl.d/00-system.conf

#ORACLE SETTING

fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576

fs.file-max = 6815744

kernel.shmall = 33554432

kernel.shmmax = 89060441849

kernel.shmmni = 4096

kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500

net.core.rmem_default = 262144

net.core.rmem_max = 4194304

net.core.wmem_default = 262144

net.core.wmem_max = 1048586

vm.nr_hugepages = 3876

[root@crm_db home]# vi /etc/selinux/config

# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.

# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:

# enforcing – SELinux security policy is enforced.

# permissive – SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.

# disabled – No SELinux policy is loaded.

SELINUX=disabled

# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values:

# targeted – Targeted processes are protected,

# mls – Multi Level Security protection.

SELINUXTYPE=targeted

关闭防火墙:

systemctl stop firewalld.service systemctl disable firewalld

检查安装包:

[root@crm_dbhome]#rpm -q binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++ gcc gcc-c++ glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel make sysstat unixODBC unixODBC-devel

安装缺少的安装包:

mount /dev/cdrom /mnt

[root@oracleserver1 u01]# cd /mnt

[root@oracleserver1 mnt]# cd Packages/

rpm -ivh libaio-devel-0.3.107-10.el6.x86_64.rpm

配置用户环境变量:

# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions

if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then

. ~/.bashrc

fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

export PATH

ORACLE_SID=oracrm; export ORACLE_SID

ORACLE_BASE=/home/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE

ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/db_1; export ORACLE_HOME

ORACLE_UNQNAME=oracleserver; export ORACLE_UNQNAME

ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM

PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH

PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH

CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH

NLS_DATE_FORMAT=”yyyy-mm-dd HH24:MI:SS”; export NLS_DATE_FORMAT

NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK;export NLS_LANG

ORA_NLS11=$ORACLE_HOME/nls/data; export ORA_NLS11

THREADS_FLAG=native; export THREADS_FLAG

TMP=/tmp; export TMP

TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR

if [ $USER = “oracle” ] || [ $USER = “grid” ]; then

if [ $SHELL = “/bin/ksh” ]; then

ulimit -p 16384

ulimit -n 65536

else

ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

fi

umask 022

fi

重启操作系统

shutdown -r now

安装数据库软件,不建库 1.编辑db_install.rsp文件,可以拷贝一份出来,把原来的清理掉,然后输入以下内容:

oracle.install.responseFileVersion=/oracle/install/rspfmt_dbinstall_response_schema_v11_2_0

oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY

ORACLE_HOSTNAME=crm_db

UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall

INVENTORY_LOCATION=/home/app/oraInventory

SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en

ORACLE_HOME=/home/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1

ORACLE_BASE=/home/app/oracle

oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE

oracle.install.db.EEOptionsSelection=false

oracle.install.db.DBA_GROUP=dba

oracle.install.db.OPER_GROUP=oinstall

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.type=GENERAL_PURPOSE

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.globalDBName=oracrm

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.SID=oracrm

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.characterSet=AL32UTF8

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryOption=true

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryLimit=40960

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.ALL=oracle

oracle.installer.autoupdates.option=SKIP_UPDATES

#iSECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=false

DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true

2,看到让用root用户执行两个脚本的提示后,把脚本执行完,软件就安装完成了。 创建数据库: 编辑

dbca.rsp

脚本:

[GENERAL]

RESPONSEFILE_VERSION = “11.2.0”

OPERATION_TYPE = “createDatabase”

[CREATEDATABASE]

GDBNAME = “oracrm”

SID = “oracrm”

TEMPLATENAME = “General_Purpose.dbc”

CHARACTERSET = “AL32UTF8”

创建监听:

netca /silent /responseFile /home/oraclesoftware/netca.rsp

以上数据库就创建完成了,可以进去修改oracle参数了。

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